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Title: Negotiation of meaning in small-group discussions
Authors: Carmichael, Sarah
Keywords: English language
Teaching methods
Negotiated interaction
Group discussion
Issue Date: Mar-1997
Citation: Working papers from the Language Centre : exploring language, p. 82-98.
Abstract: I investigated learners performing three oral discussion tasks in groups of three different sizes: dyads, triads and groups of four. A primary aim of the study was to investigate whether differences in group size result in different levels of participation by individual group members. I was also interested to see whether differences in group size have any effect on the quantity or type of negotiated interaction produced in the discussions. The lack of a consistent definition of the term 'negotiation' in previous studies also made it necessary to establish a system for classifying and describing the instances of negotiated interaction promoted by the research tasks.
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