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Title: Universal features of personality traits from the observer’s perspective : data from 50 cultures
Authors: McCrae, Robert R.
Terracciano, Antonio
Personality Profiles of Culture Project including Yik, Michelle
Keywords: Personality traits
Cross-cultural differences
Cross-cultural similarities
Gender differences
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Journal of personality and social psychology, vol. 88, no. 3, March 2005, p. 547-561
Abstract: To test hypotheses about the universality of personality traits, college students in 50 cultures identified an adult or college-age man or woman whom they knew well and rated the 11,985 targets using the third-person version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Factor analyses within cultures showed that the normative American self-report structure was clearly replicated in most cultures, and was recognizable in all. Sex differences replicated earlier self-report results, with the most pronounced differences in Western cultures. Cross-sectional age differences for three factors followed the pattern identified in self-reports, with moderate rates of change during college age and slower changes after age 40. With a few exceptions, these data support the hypothesis that features of personality traits are common to all human groups.
Rights: Journal of personality and social psychology © Copyright 2005 American Psychological Assoication. The jouranl's web site is located at This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA Journal. It is not the copy of record.
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