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Title: Improving eigenspace-based MLLR adaptation by kernel PCA
Authors: Mak, Brian Kan-Wing
Hsiao, Roger
Keywords: Eigenspace-based MLLR adaptation
Kernel PCA
Kernel eigenspace-based MLLR adaptation
Eigenvoice adaptation
Issue Date: Oct-2004
Citation: Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, October 4-8, 2004, Jeju Island, South Korea, vol. 1, p. 13-16.
Abstract: Eigenspace-based MLLR (EMLLR) adaptation has been shown effective for fast speaker adaptation. It applies the basic idea of eigenvoice adaptation, and derives a small set of eigenmatrices using principal component analysis (PCA). The MLLR adaptation transformation of a new speaker is then a linear combination of the eigenmatrices. In this paper, we investigate the use of kernel PCA to find the eigenmatrices in the kernel-induced high dimensional feature space so as to exploit possible nonlinearity in the transformation supervector space. In addition, composite kernel is used to preserve the row information in the transformation supervector which, otherwise, will be lost during the mapping to the kernel-induced feature space. We call our new method kernel eigenspace-based MLLR (KEMLLR) adaptation. On a RM adaptation task, we find that KEMLLR adaptation may reduce the word error rate of a speaker-independent model by 11%, and outperforms MLLR and EMLLR adaptation.
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