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Title: Efficient second harmonic generation from large band gap II-VI semiconductor photonic crystal
Authors: Yang, H.
Xie, P.
Chan, S. K.
Zhang, Zhao Qing
Sou, Philip Iam-Keong
Wong, George K. L.
Wong, Kam-Sing
Keywords: Optical harmonic generation
Wide band gap semiconductors
II-VI semiconductors
Photonic band gap
Photonic crystals
Magnesium compounds
Nonlinear optical susceptibility
Optical phase matching
Optical dispersion
Issue Date: 26-Sep-2005
Citation: Applied physics letters, v. 87, 131106 (2005)
Abstract: Dramatic enhancement of second harmonic generation (SHG) near the photonic band edge was observed in a one-dimensional ZnSe/ZnMgS semiconductor photonic crystal (PC) structure. Over two orders of magnitude increase in SHG intensity was observed at the photonic band edge at ~1400 nm compared to the nonphase matching region. The maximum SHG conversion efficiency of 0.8% is observed in only seven micrometers length of crystal. This enhancement came from a combination of large ZnSe second order susceptibility coefficient (chi(2)), high density of optical modes and phase matching of the fundamental and second harmonic waves near the photonic band edge due to modification of the dispersion curve by the PC structure.
Rights: Applied Physics Letters © copyright (2005) American Institute of Physics. The Journal's web site is located at
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