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Title: Spatial outsourcing for location-based services
Authors: Yin, Yang
Papadopoulos, Stavros
Papadias, Dimitris
Kollios, George
Keywords: Cache storage
Data structures
Formal verification
Message authentication
Mobile computing
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Proceedings IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering, 2008. ICDE 2008. 7-12 April 2008, Cancun, p. 1082-1091
Abstract: The embedding of positioning capabilities in mobile devices and the emergence of location-based applications have created novel opportunities for utilizing several types of multidimensional data through spatial outsourcing. In this setting, a data owner (DO) delegates its data management tasks to a location-based service (LBS) that processes queries originating from several clients/subscribers. Because the LBS is not the real owner of the data, it must prove (to each client) the correctness of query output using an authenticated structure signed by the DO. Currently there is very narrow selection of multidimensional authenticated structures, among which the VR-tree is the best choice. Our first contribution is the MR-tree, a novel index suitable for spatial outsourcing. We show, analytically and experimentally, that the MR-tree outperforms the VR-tree, usually by orders of magnitude, on all performance metrics, including construction cost, index size, query and verification overhead. Motivated by the fact that successive queries by the same mobile client exhibit locality, we also propose a synchronized caching technique that utilizes the results of previous queries to reduce the size of the additional information sent to the client for verification purposes.
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