HKUST Institutional Repository >
PHYS Master Theses >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Deformation of limit cycle under random perturbations|
|Authors: ||Chen, Kwan-Lee|
|Issue Date: ||2004 |
|Abstract: ||The thesis is on the limit cycle in nonlinear dynamics systems. To begin, I mention a nonlinear system - superlattices. Then, I generally introduce the method to study nonlinear dynamics. I mainly introduce phase plane-a topological analysis to tackle nonlinear system. I particularly discuss two attractors - the fixed point and limit cycle. A self-sustained oscillation in nonlinear system can be understood as the manifestation of one-dimensional attractors - limit cycle in phase plane.
For better understanding of nonlinear dynamical systems, I investigate a famous nonlinear system-van der Pol (VDP) system. As the nonlinear term in the VDP equation increases, the shape of the limit cycle changes from a circle to a square-like loop, and the corresponding self-sustained oscillation becomes a pulse-like curve from a sinusoid one. The period of limit cycle also increases.
Lastly, the robustness of limit cycles of nonlinear dynamics is investigated by adding a small random velocity field to the VDP equation in its two-dimensional phase plane. Our numerical calculations show that a limit cycle does not change much under a weak random perturbation. Thus it confirms the conjecture that a limit cycle will make only a small deformation under a weak external perturbation. The idea can be used to understand ac response of self-sustained oscillations in nonlinear dynamical systems.|
|Description: ||Thesis (M.Phil.)--Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2004|
x, 51 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
HKUST Call Number: Thesis PHYS 2004 Chen
|Appears in Collections:||PHYS Master Theses |
Files in This Item:
All items in this Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.