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Title: Difficulty-aware hybrid search in peer-to-peer Networks
Authors: Chen, Hanhua
Jin, Hai
Liu, Yunhao
Ni, Lionel M.
Keywords: Peer-to-peer
Hybrid search
Difficulty awareness
Issue Date: Jan-2009
Citation: IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, v. 20, no. 1, 2009, p. 71-82. (pre-published version)
Abstract: By combining an unstructured protocol with a DHT-based global index, hybrid peer-to-peer (P2P) improves search efficiency in terms of query recall and response time. The major challenge in hybrid search is how to estimate the number of peers that can answer a given query. Existing approaches assume that such a number can be directly obtained by computing item popularity. In this work, we show that such an assumption is not always valid, and previous designs cannot distinguish whether items related to a query are distributed in many peers or are in a few peers. To address this issue, we propose QRank, a difficulty-aware hybrid search,which ranks queries by weighting keywords based on term frequency. Using rank values, QRank selects proper search strategies for queries. We conduct comprehensive trace-driven simulations to evaluate this design. Results show that QRank significantly improves the search quality as well as reducing system traffic cost compared with existing approaches.
Rights: © 2009 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.
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