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Title: A hybrid CMOS DPS with conditional data readout scheme
Authors: Lau, Ka Lai
Léomant, Sylvain
Bermak, Amine
Keywords: DPS
Conditional readout
Issue Date: Jan-2010
Citation: Proceedings 2010 Fifth IEEE International Symposium on Electronic Design, Test and Applications, DELTA’ 10, 13-15 January 2010, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, p. 44-47.
Abstract: In this paper, a hybrid CMOS pulse width modulation (PWM) digital pixel sensor (DPS) is proposed. In order to reduce the pixel area, the proposed architecture requires only a two bit on-pixel memory while placing the remaining six bits outside the array, assuming a common resolution of eight bits. This new architecture reduces the size of the pixel significantly as the memory requirement at pixel level is divided by 4. The eight bit resolution is maintained by scanning the array of pixels periodically during the integration period. In addition, a conditional data readout scheme is proposed in order to reduce the unnecessary read operations of pixel-level memories. Therefore, switching activity of data buses and dynamic power are kept under control. In our implementation, the pixel contains only 21 transistors and occupies an area of about 9μm x 9μm, with a fill factor of 12% using a 0.18μm CMOS process. Simulation results show a 50% reduction of read bit-lines switching activity at low illumination conditions, using our conditional readout scheme.
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