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Title: The relationship between monochronicity, polychronicity and individual characteristics
Authors: Goonetilleke, Ravindra S.
Luximon, Y.
Keywords: Time use
Cognitive abilities
Individual differences
Issue Date: May-2009
Citation: Behaviour & information technology, v. 29, iss. 2, March 2010, p. 187-198
Abstract: With the increasing complexity of control rooms and the information explosion, effective multitasking is now desired. Monochronicity and polychronicity, which describe a person’s ability to do one thing and many things at a time, respectively, have been studied for a long time. However, it is not clear these abilities are related to various individual characteristics. Forty-eight Chinese participants were tested on their perception, memory, judgment, attention ability and cognitive style. They also performed a task that required search and calculation under three conditions of unpaced, paced, and paced with sequencing. There were significant differences in the performance and strategy between monochronic and polychronic individuals in the selective attention test. Monochronic individuals focused their attention on the primary task and achieved higher performance. Polychronic individuals had somewhat better total performance in more than one task under time-constrained conditions. The results clearly indicate that an individual’s time use behaviors ought to be considered in training and control scenarios to account for differences among people.
Rights: This is a preprint of an article whose final and definitive form has been published in the Behaviour & Information Technology © 2009 copyright Taylor & Francis; Behaviour & Information Technology is available online at: with the open URL of your article:DOI: 10.1080/01449290903222697
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