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|Title: ||Reference dependence and loss aversion in the evaluation of brands for choice set inclusion and for selection|
|Authors: ||Han, Sangman|
Vanhonacker, Wilfried R.
|Keywords: ||Brand choice|
|Issue Date: ||Dec-1998 |
|Series/Report no.: ||Marketing Working Paper Series ; MKTG 98.129|
|Abstract: ||The dynamic process by which a consumer arrives at a choice decision is generally believed to be a process during which the formation of a choice set precedes the selection of a brand. This research looks at the role of multiattribute reference points in the evaluation of brands for choice set inclusion and for final selection. We conceptualize the creation of a choice set as following either a top-down or a bottom-up approach and reference dependence as confined to the brand evaluations underlying the "tough" decisions (i.e., the choice-set-formation decisions when the choice set is created following a top-down approach, and the brand-selection decision when the choice set is created following a bottom-up approach). With a unique data set, we find empirical support for a bottom-up choice-set-formation process based entirely on absolute attribute evaluations, followed by a brand-selection process based on relative brand evaluations that exhibit loss aversion. Accordingly, multiattribute reference points and asymmetry in evaluating losses versus gains only arise once self-imposed constraints in cognitive processing have been used to identify the choice set. Implications of these results are discussed.|
|Appears in Collections:||MARK Working Papers|
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