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Affirmative action, ethnic minorities and China's universities

Authors Sautman, Barry
Issue Date 1997-05-20
Source Paper to be presented at the fifth conference of the Chinese Studies Association of Australia , 16-18 July 1997
Summary Minorities made up nine percent of China’s population in 1995 (110 million people). Minority areas take up two-thirds of the PRC and have the bulk of its natural resources. PRC leaders see state sponsored preferential policies (youhui zhence) as vital to the cohesion of the minority areas. While the preferential policies programs date from 1949, this “affirmative action” policy has been explicit only from the mid-1980’s. Prominent among these policies has been preferential admission to universities. Economic reforms have thus far not reversed the policy of affirmative action in higher education. The absolute number of minority graduates has slowly increased. Yet the percentage of minority students lags behind that of minorities in the general population and appears to be decreasing. Minority university graduates tend to seek economic opportunities outside their native regions.
Language English
Format Working paper
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