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Liquid crystalline polyacetylenes: a new class of mesomorphic materials with novel optical and electronic properties

Authors Tang, Ben Zhong View this author's profile
Lam, Jacky Wing Yip View this author's profile
Kong, Xiangxing HKUST affiliated (currently or previously).
Lee, Priscilla Pui Sze HKUST affiliated (currently or previously).
Wan, Xinhua HKUST affiliated (currently or previously).
Kwok, Hoi Sing View this author's profile
Huang, Yuan Ming HKUST affiliated (currently or previously).
Ge, Weikun HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Chen, Hongzheng
Xu, Ruisong
Wang, Mang
Issue Date 1999
Source Proceedings of SPIE--the international society for optical engineering , v. 3800, 1999, p. 62-71
Summary A large number (more than 20 different kinds) of new polyacetylenes with general molecular structures of -[HC=C(C(6)H(4)mesogen)](p)-[poly(arylacetylene) type] and -{HC=C[(CH2)(n)-mesogen]}(p)-[poly(alkylacetylene) type] are designed and synthesized. Pendant interaction and backbone rigidity in the polymers are tuned through systematic molecular engineering endeavor, and liquid crystalline polyacetylenes (LCPAs) with novel mesomorphic, optical, and electronic properties are successfully developed. The rigid polyacetylene backbones enable ready alignments of the LCPA molecules by simple mechanical perturbations. Upon photoexcitation, the LCPAs with the poly(alkylacetylene) skeleton structure emit strong blue light clearly observable by naked eyes under normal room illumination conditions. The shape and position of the emission peaks and the color of the emitted light can be manipulated by the application of external electrical fields. The LCPAs exhibit excellent intrinsic photoconductivity in the visible spectral region in the undoped (pure) states, and doping with electron acceptor/donor further increases the photoconduction efficiency of the LCPAs.
ISSN 0277-786X
ISBN 0819432865
Rights Copyright 1999 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. This paper was published in Liquid Crystals III, Iam-Choon Khoo, Editor, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 3800, p. 62-71 (1999) and is made available as an electronic reprint with permission of SPIE. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Language English
Format Conference paper
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