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Between-individual comparisons in performance evaluation: A perspective from prospect theory

Authors Wong, KFE View this author's profile
Kwong, JYY
Issue Date 2005
Source Journal of applied psychology , v. 90, (2), 2005, MAR, p. 284-294
Summary This article examines how between-individual comparisons influence performance evaluations in rating tasks. The authors demonstrated a systematic change in the perceived difference across ratees as a result of changing the way performance information is expressed. Study I found that perceived performance difference between 2 individuals was greater when their objective performance levels were presented with small numbers (e.g., absence rates of 2\% vs. 5\%) than when they were presented with large numbers (e.g., attendance rates of 98\% vs. 95\%). Extending this finding to situations involving trade-offs between multiple performance attributes across ratees, Study 2 showed that the relative preference for 1 ratee over another actually reversed when the presentation format of the performance information changed. The authors draw upon prospect theory (D. Kahneman T A. Tversky, 1979; A. Tversky T D. Kahneman, 1981) to offer a theoretical framework describing the between-individual comparison aspect of performance evaluation.
ISSN 0021-9010
Language English
Format Article
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