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Wrapping carbon nanotubes in pyrene-containing poly(phenylacetylene) chains: Solubility, stability, light emission, and surface photovoltaic properties

Authors Yuan, Wangzhang
Sun, Jingzhi
Dong, Yongqiang HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Haeussler, Matthias HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Yang, Feng
Xu, Haipeng
Qin, Anjun HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Lam, Jacky Wing Yip View this author's profile
Zheng, Qiang
Tang, Ben Zhong View this author's profile
Issue Date 2006
Source Macromolecules , v. 39, (23), 2006, NOV 14, p. 8011-8020
Summary A group of pyrene-containing poly(phenylacetylene)s (PPAs) with high molecular weight (M-w up to similar to 170 000) were synthesized in high yields (up to similar to 96\%). Simply mixing the polymers and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) in an appropriate solvent afforded the polymer/MWNT hybrids with MWNT contents up to similar to 25 wt \%, which are soluble in common organic solvents such as chloroform and THF. The solubility can be as high as 637.5 mg/L in THF, thanks to the "additive effect" of the PPA skeleton and the pyrene pendants in solubilizing the MWNTs. The solubilization is realized through the spontaneous wrapping of the polymer chains round the MWNT shells, which is driving by the favorable pi-pi interactions of the PPA skeleton and the pyrene rings with the MWNT walls. The P2(5)/MWNT hybrid is thermally stable, losing little of its weight when heated to 338 degrees C. The P2(m)/MWNT hybrids are electronically more conjugated and emit blue-green light more efficiently than their parent polymers upon photoexcitation. The surface photovoltaic cell fabricated from the P2(5)/MWNT hybrid is bipolar, suggesting an efficient photoinduced charge transfer between the two components, i.e., P2(5) and MWNT.
ISSN 0024-9297
Language English
Format Article
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