Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Universal features of personality traits from the observer’s perspective: Data from 50 cultures.

Authors McCrae, Robert
Terracciano, Antonia
Yik, Michelle
Issue Date 2005
Source Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, v.88, (3), 2005, Mar, p. 547-561
Summary To test hypotheses about the universality of personality traits, college students in 50 cultures identified an adult or college-age man or woman whom they knew well and rated the 11,985 targets using the third-person version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Factor analyses within cultures showed that the normative American self-report structure was clearly replicated in most cultures, and was recognizable in all. Sex differences replicated earlier self-report results, with the most pronounced differences in Western cultures. Cross-sectional age differences for three factors followed the pattern identified in self-reports, with moderate rates of change during college age and slower changes after age 40. With a few exceptions, these data support the hypothesis that features of personality traits are common to all human groups.
ISSN 0022-3514
Rights Journal of personality and social psychology © Copyright 2005 American Psychological Assoication. The jouranl's web site is located at This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA Journal. It is not the copy of record.
Language English
Format Article
Files in this item:
File Description Size Format
McCrae05.pdf 231814 B Adobe PDF