Universal features of personality traits from the observer’s perspective: Data from 50 cultures.
|Source||Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , v.88, (3), 2005, Mar, p. 547-561|
|Summary||To test hypotheses about the universality of personality traits, college students in 50 cultures identified an adult or college-age man or woman whom they knew well and rated the 11,985 targets using the third-person version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Factor analyses within cultures showed that the normative American self-report structure was clearly replicated in most cultures, and was recognizable in all. Sex differences replicated earlier self-report results, with the most pronounced differences in Western cultures. Cross-sectional age differences for three factors followed the pattern identified in self-reports, with moderate rates of change during college age and slower changes after age 40. With a few exceptions, these data support the hypothesis that features of personality traits are common to all human groups.|
|Rights||Journal of personality and social psychology © Copyright 2005 American Psychological Assoication. The jouranl's web site is located at http://www.apa.org/journals/ This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA Journal. It is not the copy of record.|
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