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Cybersickness in the presence of scene rotational movements along different axes

Authors Lo, WT
So, RHY View this author's profile
Issue Date 2001
Source Applied Ergonomics , v. 32, (1), 2001, FEB, p. 1-14
Summary Compelling scene movements in a virtual reality (VR) system can cause symptoms of motion sickness (i.e., cybersickness). A within-subject experiment has been conducted to investigate the effects of scene oscillations along different axes on the level of cybersickness. Sixteen male participants were exposed to four 20-min VR simulation sessions. The four sessions used the same virtual environment but with scene oscillations along different axes, i.e., pitch, yaw, roll, or no oscillation (speed: 30 degrees /s, range: +/- 60 degrees). Verbal ratings of the level of nausea were taken at 5-min intervals during the sessions and sickness symptoms were also measured before and after the sessions using the Simulator Sickness Questionnaire (SSQ). In the presence of scene oscillation, both nausea ratings and SSQ scores increased at significantly higher rates than with no oscillation. While individual participants exhibited different susceptibilities to nausea associated with VR simulation containing scene oscillations along different rotational axes, the overall effects of axis among our group of 16 randomly selected participants were not significant. The main effects of, and interactions among, scene oscillation, duration, and participants are discussed in the paper. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0003-6870
Rights Applied ergonomics © copyright (2001) Elsevier. The Journal's web site is located at
Language English
Format Article
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