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Shear-induced interactions in blends of HMMPE containing a small amount of thermotropic copolyester HBA/HQ/SA

Authors Chan, Chi Kwong
Gao, Ping View this author's profile
Issue Date 2005
Source Polymer , v. 46, (24), 2005, NOV 21, p. 10890-10896
Summary Shear-induced interactions between high molecular mass polyethylene (HMMPE) melt and a thermotropic liquid crystalline copolyester, HBA/HQ/SA (TLCP) were investigated using large amplitude oscillatory shear and capillary shear. Polarized optical microscopy (POM) observations show that the mono-domain nematic TLCP droplets embedded inside a HMMPE melt may be readily elongated using large amplitude oscillatory shear. The HMMPE melt adjacent to the elongated TLCP filament was observed to crystallize faster than that in the matrix away from the interface. TEM analysis on the 1 wt\% TLCP/HMMPE blend quenched after capillary shear shows that there are strong interfacial interactions between the elongated TLCP filament and the HMMPE matrix. Long range PE lamellae orientational order up to 2 mu m away from the TLCP filament surface were observed, with all the lamellae surface normal parallel to the TLCP fiber. Additionally, a strong interfacial compatibility between the TLCP filament and the HMMPE matrix with an interfacial thickness of similar to 30 nm has also been observed. The enhanced interfacial compatibility is attributed to the -CH2- group interactions due to chain alignment in both components at their interface. These results provide a fundamental insight to other TLCP containing thermoplastics where compatibilities may be present due to segmental interactions. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0032-3861
Language English
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