||Technological and social trends have evolved into the open access movement which transform scholarly communication. Preprint servers, digital archives, open access journals, OAISter, and Google Scholar are all evidence of this changing landscape. Stirred by budget crises and empowered by the capabilities of network technologies, academic institutions are stepping up to steward these precious scholarly assets. Universities and their libraries are building Institutional Repositories to capture, disseminate and preserve the digital scholarly output of their faculties and researchers on a free and interoperable basis. What is an institutional repository (IR)? Why should you be interested? Why and how can you build one? What are the technical and policy issues involved? How do you fill a repository once you’ve established it? How do you build support for an IR in your institution? This presentation outlines how HKUST Library created its own IR and addressed the above issues.