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G(16)-mediated activation of nuclear factor kappa B by the adenosine A(1) receptor involves c-Src, protein kinase C, and ERK signaling

Authors Liu, AMF
Wong, Yung Hou
Issue Date 2004
Source Journal of biological chemistry , v. 279, (51), 2004, DEC 17, p. 53196-53204
Summary The G(i)-linked adenosine A1 receptor has been shown to mediate anti-inflammatory actions, possibly via modulation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB). Here we demonstrate that an adenosine A1 agonist, N-6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA), activated IKKalpha/beta phosphorylation through PTX-insensitive G proteins in human lymphoblastoma Reh cells. To delineate the mechanism of action, different PTX-insensitive G proteins were expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Only Galpha(16) supported the CHA-induced IKK phosphorylation and NFkappaB-driven luciferase activity in time-dependent, dose-dependent, and PTX-insensitive manners. Gbetagamma subunits also modulated IKK/NFkappaB, as indicated by the stimulatory actions of G(beta1gamma2) and the abrogation of CHA-induced response by transducin. The participation of phospholipase Cbeta, protein kinase C, and calmodulin-dependent kinase II in CHA-induced IKK/NFkappaB activation were demonstrated by employing specific inhibitors and dominant-negative mutants. Inhibition of c-Src and numerous intermediates along the extracellular signal-regulated (ERK) kinase cascade including Ras, Raf-1 kinase, and MEK1/2 abolished the CHA-induced IKK/NFkappaB activation. Although c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38 MAPK were also activated by CHA, they were not required for the IKK/NFkappaB regulation. Similar results were obtained using Reh cells. These data suggest that the G(16)-mediated activation of IKK/NFkappaB by CHA required a complex signaling network composed of multiple intermediates.
ISSN 0021-9258
Rights We would like to give credit to American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology for granting us permission to repost this article
Language English
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