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Raman spectra and thermal stability analysis of 0.4 nm freestanding single-walled carbon nanotubes

Authors Ye, JT
Tang, ZK
Issue Date 2005
Source PHYSICAL REVIEW B, v. 72, (4), 2005, JUL, article number 045414
Summary The thermal stability of ultrasmall 0.4 nm single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are studied by means of Raman-scattering measurements under a vacuum. The 0.4 nm SWNTs are very stable when they are confined inside the channels of the AlPO4-5 zeolite crystal. When these SWNTs are extracted from the channels into free space, however, they become thermally unstable because of the strong curvature effect. The in situ Raman-scattering measurement under 1x10(-5) mbar shows all three structures of the 0.4-nm-sized SWNTs are destroyed between 730 to 790 K, a temperature range much lower than that of large-sized SWNTs. The (5,0) tube is only destroyed after the temperature reaches 790 K and seems slightly more stable than the other two structures: the (3,3) and (4,2) tubes. A reference measurement under UHV conditions confirms that the 0.4 nm SWNTs are destroyed after the same thermal treatment indicating that the structural degradation is determined by the curvature effect other than oxidation.
ISSN 1098-0121
Rights Phys. Rev. B © 2005 American Physical Society. The Journal's web site is located at
Language English
Format Article
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