Quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of liquids in swelling polymers
Hyde, Thomas M.
Gladden, Lynn F.
Mackley, Malcolm R.
|Source||Journal OF POLYMER science PART a-polymer CHEMISTRY , v. 33, (11), 1995, AUG, p. 1795-1806|
|Summary||The variation of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation parameters (T-1, T-2) within a polymer during swelling, limits the absolute accuracy with which liquid concentration profiles can be obtained using NMR imaging. In this article a study of the diffusion of decalin into ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is reported. The study illustrates the use of a method of analysis whereby quantitative solvent profiles can be obtained from data influenced by both T-1 and T-2 contrast effects. A T-1 and T-2 map are obtained at a point in the uptake of liquid where the greatest range in liquid concentration is observed. The intensity of signal corresponding to liquid in the polymer is compared to that of pure liquid in a reference sample, and correlations for T-1 and T-2 values versus signal intensity are used to deconvolve relaxation contrast, to yield the true liquid concentration. The technique was used to study the effect of degree of crosslinking of UHMWPE on the swelling kinetics and decalin transport within the polymer. A spin-echo imaging technique was used with a recycle delay approximately equal to the average spin-lattice relaxation time of the liquid, and an echo time approximately half the average spin-spin relaxation time. Under these conditions the relaxation contrast was significant, yet the mass uptake data derived from the concentration profiles obtained, using the method of analysis described, agreed well with gravimetric data. (C) John Wiley and Sons, Inc.|
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