The viscosity reducing effects of very low concentrations of a thermotropic copolyester in a matrix of HDPE
Chai, Choon K.
|Source||Polymer engineering and science , v. 37, (12), 1997, DEC, p. 1944-1958|
|Summary||A thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer (TLCP), denoted as TLCP(1), was used as a processing aid for high density polyethylene (HDPE). The TLCP was a copolyester of hydroxybenzoic acid, hydroquinone and sebacic acid and was blended with HDPE to give 0.2, 0.5 and 2 wt\% TLCP(1) blends. At a temperature of 185 degrees C, when TLCP(1) is in the nematic regime, the processing window for HDPE was increased tenfold from a maximum shear rate of 100 s(-1) for pure HDPE to 1170 s(-1) for a 2 wt\% TLCP(1) blend, There were large viscosity reductions of between 85\% and 90\% compared with the pure HDPE when the blended material was used at a wall shear stress value of approximately 2.4 x 10(5) Pa. This viscosity reduction was attributed to the TLCP(I) droplets changing shape from spheres to slender fibrils under shear flows.|
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