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Properties of organic matter in PM2.5 at Changdao Island, China - A rural site in the transport path of the Asian continental outflow

Authors Feng, Jialiang
Guo, Zhigang
Chan, Chak Keung View this author's profile
Fang, Ming HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Issue Date 2007
Source Atmospheric environment , v. 41, (9), 2007, MAR, p. 1924-1935
Summary Fifty-five seasonal PM2.5 samples were collected March 2003-January 2004 at Changdao, a resort island located at the demarcation line between Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea in Northern China. Changdao is in the transport path of the continental aerosols heading toward the Pacific Ocean in winter and spring due to the East Asia Monsoon. Solvent-extractable organic compounds (SEOC), organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC) and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) were analyzed for source identification based on molecular markers. This data set provides useful information for the downstream site researchers of the Asian continental outflow. Total carbon (TC, OC + EC) was similar to 18 mu g m(-3) in winter, similar to 9 mu g m(-3) in spring and autumn and a large part of the TC was WSOC (33 \% in winter, > 45 \% in the other seasons). Winter and spring were the high SEOC seasons with n-fatty acids the highest at -290 and similar to 170 ng m(-3), respectively, followed by n-alkanes at similar to 210 and similar to 90ng m(-3), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were also at high at similar to 120 and similar to 30ng m(-3). High WSOC/TC, low C-18.1/C-18 of fatty acids, and low concentrations of labile PAHs such as benzo(a)pyrene, together with back trajectory analysis suggested that the aerosols were aged and transported. PAHs, triterpane and sterane distributions provided evidence that coal burning was the main source of the continental outflow. The detection of levoglucosan and fl-sitosterol in nearly all the samples showed the impact of biomass burning. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN 1352-2310
Rights Atmospheric environment © copyright (2007) Elsevier. The Journal's web site is located at
Language English
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