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Josephson effect for superconductors lacking time-reversal and inversion symmetries

Authors Leridon, B.
Ng, Tai-Kai
Varma, C. M.
Issue Date 2007
Source Physical review letters, v. 99, (2), 2007, JUL 13, article number 027002
Summary Because of the absence of a center of inversion in some superconducting compounds, a p-wave admixture to the dominant d-wave (or s) order parameter must exist. If time reversal is also violated, an allowed invariant is the product of the d wave (or s wave), p wave, and an appropriately directed current. We show that this leads to a new and remarkable property of the Josephson current for tunneling into a s-wave superconductor along the direction parallel to the axis of the p-wave component. These ideas are applied to the heavy-fermion compounds which lack center of inversion due to crystalline symmetry, as well as time-reversal symmetry, such as CePt3Si. They also apply to the superconducting state of the cuprates in the pseudogap region of the phase diagram where in the normal phase some experiments have detected a time-reversal and inversion symmetry broken phase.
Note Physical Review Letters © copyright (2007) American Physical Society. The Journal's web site is located at
ISSN 0031-9007
Language English
Format Article
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