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Performance and mechanism of chromate (VI) adsorption by delta-FeOOH-coated maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3) nanoparticles

Authors Hu, Jing
Lo, Irene M.C. View this author's profile
Chen, Guohua View this author's profile
Issue Date 2007
Source Separation and purification technology , v. 58, (1), 2007, DEC 1, p. 76-82
Summary Earlier studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticles on Cr(VI) removal from wastewater. In this study, 8-FeOOH was used as a surface coating material on the gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticles to enhance Cr(VI) adsorption. Physical characterizations of the synthesized materials were preformed using TEM, XRD and VSM. TEM images showed the multidispersed circular particles with a dimension of 15 nm and VSM patterns indicated the decreased magnetic properties with the surface-coating. The delta-FeOOH-coated gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with different mass ratio of 8-FeOOH to gamma-Fe2O3 were tested for the adsorption of Cr(VI) and the primary results showed that the optimal ratio was 1.0. Equilibrium studies showed that Cr(VI) adsorption data follow Langmuir model. The Cr(VI) adsorption capacity of the delta-FeOOH-coated gamma-Fe2O3, determined to be 25.8 mg/g, is higher than that of pure gamma-Fe, 03 (19.4 mg/g). The high stability and recovery capacity of the delta-FeOOH-coated,gamma-Fe2O3 were verified from regeneration studies and XRD investigations. Moreover, FTIR and XPS results suggest that the Cr(VI) adsorption onto the delta-FeOOH-coated gamma-Fe2O3 be mainly controlled by outer-sphere complexation. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN 1383-5866
Language English
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