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Slicing*-tree based Web page transformation for small displays

Authors Xiao, Xiangye
Issue Date 2005
Summary We propose a new Web page transformation method to facilitate Web brows-ing on handheld devices such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs). These de-vices have limited capabilities, in particular, small display and low bandwidth. In our approach, an original Web page that does not fit into the screen is trans-formed into a set of pages, each of which fits into the screen. This transformation is done through slicing the original page into page blocks iteratively with several factors considered, including the size of the screen, the size of each page block, the number of blocks in each transformed page, the depth of the tree hierarchy that the transformed pages form, as well as the semantic coherence between blocks. We call the tree hierarchy of the transformed pages a slicing*-tree, in which an internal node consists of a textually-enhanced thumbnail image with hyperlinks and a leaf node is a block from the original Web page. The textually-enhanced thumbnails take advantage of both graphical and textual summaries and provide better overviews of transformed pages. Moreover, we adaptively adjust the degree of a node and the height of the slicing*-tree so that each thumbnail image is clear enough for users to read while the number of clicks needed to reach a leaf page only a few. Through this transformation, we preserve the contextual information in the original Web page and save the effort on page scrolling. We have implemented this transformation system in a proxy server. On a page request, the proxy fetches the original Web page as well as embedded im-ages, dynamically transforms the Web page for small displays, and delivers the transformed pages to users progressively. We discuss the architecture, the trans-formation algorithm, and the empirical studies on our system. The experimental results show that our approach improves Web browsing on small displays in terms of task completion time, input effort, and network bandwidth consumption.
Note Thesis (M.Phil.)--Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2005
Language English
Format Thesis
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