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Flow-synthesis of mesoporous silicas and their use in the preparation of magnetic catalysts for Knoevenagel condensation reactions

Authors Chen, Xinqing HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Ng, Tsz Nok HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Arruebo, Manuel
Yeung, King Lun View this author's profile
Issue Date 2013
Source Catalysis today , v. 204, April 2013, p. 140-147
Summary Mesoporous silica MCM-41 was successfully prepared by flow synthesis in a microreactor at shorter reaction times (i.e., minutes versus day) at high yield (i.e., 60% calcined sample) to give particles of more uniform size and shape compared to MCM-41 prepared by conventional batch synthesis. Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were incorporated and organic amines (i.e., propylamine and propyl diethylene amine) were grafted to obtain magnetic mesoporous catalysts for the Knoevenagel condensation reactions of benzaldehyde with ethyl cyanoacetate, ethyl acetoacetate and diethyl malonate. The incorporation of magnetic nanoparticles and large organic amines can hinder reactants access to the catalyst resulting in lower reactivity. NH2-magMCM-41 showed superb catalyst activity and selectivity for the all three Knoevenagel condensation reactions studied. The catalyst can be easily dispersed into solution and rapidly removed by a magnet for recovery and reuse. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0920-5861
Language English
Format Article
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