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Fabrication of Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2 heterostructure photoelectrodes for efficient decomposition of 2-chlorophenol under visible light irradiation

Authors Teng, Wei
Li, Xinyong HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Zhao, Qidong
Chen, Guohua View this author's profile
Issue Date 2013
Source Journal of Materials Chemistry A , v. 1, (32), August 2013, p. 9060-9068
Summary TiO2 nanotube arrays were decorated with Ag/Ag3PO4 nanoparticles through a sequential chemical bath deposition and followed by partial reduction of Ag+ ions in the Ag3PO4 nanoparticles to Ag-0 under UV irradiation. The structure and optical properties of the Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2 nanotube electrode were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. The photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) activity of the composite electrode was evaluated by the decomposition of 2-chlorophenol under visible light irradiation (lambda > 420 nm). Clusters of Ag/Ag3PO4 nanoparticles were successfully formed on the surface of the TiO2 nanotubes (NTs) causing no damage to the ordered structure of the nanotubes. The PL intensity of Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2 NTs was much lower than that of TiO2 nanotubes. The p-type Ag3PO4 and Ag nanoparticles deposited on the TiO2 NTs could promote the transfer of photo-generated electrons, which inhibited the recombination of electrons and holes effectively, leading to a significant increase in the photocurrent density. Moreover, the Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2 heterostructure photoelectrodes showed much higher PEC activity than the pure TiO2 NTs for the degradation of 2-CP aqueous solution under visible light irradiation. The enhanced PEC activity could be attributed to the visible-light photocatalytic activity of Ag3PO4 and the heterostructure between Ag3PO4 and TiO2. The electron spin resonance (ESR) spin-trap study further demonstrated that (OH)-O-center dot could be generated on the Ag/Ag3PO4/TiO2 NTs under visible light irradiation.
ISSN 2050-7488
Language English
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