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Two-photon beating experiment using biphotons generated from a two-level system

Authors Jianming Wen
Shengwang Du
Morton H. Rubin
Eun Oh
Issue Date 2008
Source Physical Review A, v. 78, (3), September 2008
Summary We propose a two-photon beating experiment based upon biphotons generated from a resonant pumping two-level system operating in a backward geometry. On the one hand, the linear optical-response leads biphotons produced from two sidebands in the Mollow triplet to propagate with tunable refractive indices, while the central-component propagates with unity refractive index. The relative phase difference due to different refractive indices is analogous to the pathway-length difference between long-long and short-short pathways in the original Franson interferometer. By subtracting the linear Rayleigh scattering of the pump, the visibility in the center part of the two-photon beating interference can be ideally manipulated among [0, 100%] by varying the pump power, the material length, and the atomic density, which indicates a Bell-type inequality violation. On the other hand, the proposed experiment may be an interesting way of probing the quantum nature of the detection process. The interference will disappear when the separation of the Mollow peaks approaches the fundamental time scales for photon absorption in the detector.
ISSN 1050-2947
Rights © 2008 American Physical Society
Language English
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