Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

VC-MAC: A Cooperative MAC Protocol in Vehicular Networks

Authors Zhang, Jin
Zhang, Qian
Jia, Weijia
Issue Date 2009
Source IEEE transactions on vehicular technology, v. 58, (3), 2009, MAR, p. 1561-1571
Summary Vehicular networks are experiencing rapid growth and evolution under the increasing demand of vehicular traffic management and ubiquitous network connectivity. In particular, the amount of information to be downloaded from the roadside-deployed gateways is dramatically increasing. Infected by high mobility, intermittent connectivity, and unreliability of the wireless channel, it is challenging to satisfy the need for massive data transmission in vehicular networks. In this paper, we propose a novel protocol called vehicular cooperative media access control (VC-MAC), which utilizes the concept of cooperative communication tailored for vehicular networks, particularly for gateway-downloading scenarios. VC-MAC leverages the broadcast nature of the wireless medium to maximize the system throughput. Spatial diversity and user diversity are exploited by concurrent cooperative relaying to overcome the unreliability of the wireless channel in vehicular networks. We theoretically analyze the selection of an optimal relay set using a weighted independent set (WIS) model and then design a backoff mechanism to select the optimal relays in a distributed manner. We have carried out extensive simulations to demonstrate that VC-MAC effectively enhances cooperative information downloading and significantly increases the system throughput compared with existing strategies.
ISSN 0018-9545
Rights © 2009 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.
Language English
Format Article
Access View full-text via DOI
View full-text via Web of Science
View full-text via Scopus
Files in this item:
File Description Size Format
vcmac.pdf 691770 B Adobe PDF