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An intensive study of aerosol optical properties in Beijing urban area

Authors He, X.
Li, C.C. HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Lau, A.K.H. View this author's profile
Deng, Z.Z.
Mao, J.T.
Wang, M.H.
Liu, X.Y.
Issue Date 2009
Source Atmospheric chemistry and physics , v. 9, (22), 2009, p. 8903-8915
Summary In order to quantify the aerosol impact on climate, a range of aerosol parameters are required. In this paper, two-year of ground-based observations of aerosol optical properties from an urban site in Beijing of China are assessed. The aerosol absorption coefficient (Sigma(a)), scattering coefficient (Sigma(s)), as well as single scattering albedo (omega) are analyzed to aid in characterizing Beijing's urban aerosol. Two-year averages (and standard deviations) for Sigma(a) at 532 nm, Sigma(s) at 525 nm and omega at 525 nm are 56 +/- 49 Mm(-1), 288 +/- 281 Mm(-1) and 0.80 +/- 0.09, respectively. Meanwhile, there is a distinct diurnal variation for Sigma(a), with its minimum occurring at approximately 14:00 to 15:00 and maximum at midnight. Sigma(s) peaks in the late morning and the minimum occurs in the evening. Sigma(s) in summer is higher than that in winter. omega is also higher in summer than that in winter, except before 07:00 a.m., and peaks in the early afternoon. Both Sigma(a) and Sigma(s) show strong dependence on local wind in all four seasons. When the wind blows from the north with low speed (0-2 m/s), the values of Sigma(a) are high, and in contrast, very low with wind speeds higher than 4 m/s. When the wind blows from south with low speed (0-4 m/s), Sigma(a) is intermediate. The patterns of the wind dependence of Sigma(a) indicates that Sigma(a) is mainly dominated by local emissions. Sigma(s) displays a similar dependence on wind speed and direction to Sigma(a), except in summer. In summer, the Sigma(s) value is highest when wind is from southeast with speed of 0-6 m/s. This indicates that the particle pollution resulting from regional transport is only significant in the summer season. omega also shows wind dependence to some extent though not as strong as Sigma(a) or Sigma(s). Overall, the wind dependence results provide valuable information about the locations of aerosol pollution sources and suggest that the air pollution in summer is a regional problem but in other seasons it is mainly affected by local urban emissions.
ISSN 1680-7316
Rights Authors 2009. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
Language English
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