Failure Analysis and Experimental Verification for Through-Silicon-via Underfill Dispensing on 3-D Chip Stack Package
Lee, Ricky S.W.
Lo, Chi Chuen
|Source||IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology , v. 5, (10), October 2015, p. 1525-1532|
|Summary||In this paper, through-silicon-via (TSV) dispensing is introduced to address the underfill challenge for a 3-D chip stack package. An edge flood failure would form if the underfill flow breaks through the planar sidewalls of a 3-D package. The edge flood failure could lead to an incomplete underfill and the occupation of a huge area on the substrate. In order to avoid an edge flood, the encapsulant pressure around the chip edges cannot exceed the limit equilibrium pressure. The TSVs in the stacked chips should be aligned in the vertical direction, because this aligned configuration has the lowest risk of forming an edge flood. In order to find a tradeoff between the short filling time and the low risk of forming an edge flood, an optimized TSV pattern, including central and outer TSVs, is proposed for the underfill of a 3-D chip stack package. The central TSVs allow a constant flow rate to obtain a fast filling effect. The outer TSVs allow free droplets to eliminate the potential edge flood during the underfilling of the area around the chip edges. The test vehicle was a four-layer die/interposer stack package. The effect of the TSV underfill was inspected by acoustic scanning and cross sectioning. The inspection results showed that the underfill was completed without voids and the solder joints were well covered by the encapsulant.|
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