||随着高校毕业生数量的逐年攀升和经济发展对高端人才需求的增长,越来越多的本科毕业生选择继续接受研究生教育以提高自己在劳动力市场中的竞争优势。本文对首都大学生成长追踪调查数据进行了实证分析,研究发现,2010年和2012年毕业于北京高校的本科生中,约有三分之一的学生选择了继续接受研究生教育,而且读研学生的家庭背景和学业表现都要显著地优于毕业后直接就业的学生。进一步的分析表明,在国内研究生教育机会获得中,家庭背景变量基本上是通过影响本科就读高校的类型和学业表现来发挥作用的,而比较海外留学与国内读研这两种选择,本科就读学校类型和学业表现对此并没有显著的影响,主要是家庭社会经济地位在起作用。上述研究发现对于当前中国的研究生教育招生和培养工作具有重要的政策意涵。 With the high demand of postgraduate degrees in its competitive job market,China has witnessed a dramatic increase of graduate study applications in recent years. In the year of 2010 and 2012,close to one third of the college graduates in Beijing pursued for graduate programs. However,little is known who these students are. To fill in the gap,this study analyzes the Beijing College Students Panel Survey,to answer the question of how family socioeconomic status affects graduates' choice between job and graduate study. It concludes that students with advantaged family background are much more likely to delay employment and pursue graduate study. Family background and parents' education significantly impact students' decision to seek advanced degrees. For those who pursue domestic graduate programs,this impact is mainly manifested through the selectiveness of undergraduate college and degree,and students' academic performance. However,for those who opt for foreign graduate programs,undergraduate academic excellence is less relevant but family affordability becomes the key determinant.