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Unveiling a Key Intermediate in Solvent Vapor Postannealing to Enlarge Crystalline Domains of Organometal Halide Perovskite Films

Authors Xiao, Shuang HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Bai, Yang HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Meng, Xiangyue HKUST affiliated (currently or previously).
Zhang, Teng HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Chen, Haining
Zheng, Xiaoli HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Hu, Chen HKUST affiliated (currently or previously)
Qu, Yongquan
Yang, Shihe View this author's profile
Issue Date 2017
Source Advanced Functional Materials , v. 27, (12), March 2017, article number 1604944
Summary Hybrid organic/inorganic perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have shown great potential in meeting the future challenges in energy and environment. Solvent-vapor-assisted posttreatment strategies are developed to improve the perovskite film quality for achieving higher efficiency. However, the intrinsic working mechanisms of these strategies have not been well understood yet. This study identifies an MA(2)Pb(3)I(8)(DMSO)(2) intermediate phase formed during the annealing process of methylammonium lead triiodide in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) atmosphere and located the reaction sites at perovskite grain boundaries by observing and rationalizing the growth of nanorods of the intermediate. This enables us to propose and validate an intermediate-assisted grain-coarsening model, which highlights the activation energy reduction for grain boundary migration. Leveraging this mechanism, this study uses MABr/DMSO mixed vapor to further enhance grain boundary migration kinetics and successfully obtain even larger grains, leading to an impressive improvement in power conversion efficiency (17.64%) relative to the pristine PSCs (15.13%). The revelation of grain boundary migration-assisted grain growth provides a guide for the future development of polycrystalline perovskite thin-film solar cells.
ISSN 1616-301X
Language English
Format Article
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