Novel Direct Nanopatterning Approach to Fabricate Periodically Nanostructured Perovskite for Optoelectronic Applications
Sha, Wei E. I.
Roy, Vellaisamy A. L.
Wong, Kam Sing
Choy, Wallace C. H.
|Source||Advanced Functional Materials , v. 27, (10), March 2017, article number 1606525|
|Summary||While indirectly patterned organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite nanostructures have been extensively studied for use in perovskite optoelectronic devices, it is still challenging to directly pattern perovskite thin films because perovskite is very sensitive to polar solvents and high-temperature environments. Here, a simple and low-cost approach is proposed to directly pattern perovskite solid-state films into periodic nanostructures. The approach is basically perovskite recrystallization through phase transformation with the presence of a periodic mold on an as-prepared solid-state perovskite film. Interestingly, this study simultaneously achieves not only periodically patterned perovskite nanostructures but also better crystallized perovskites and improved optical properties, as compared to its thin film counterpart. The improved optical properties can be attributed to the light extraction and increased spontaneous emission rate of perovskite gratings. By fabricating light-emitting diodes using the periodic perovskite nanostructure as the emission layers, approximately twofold higher radiance and lower threshold than the reference planar devices are achieved. This work opens up a new and simple way to fabricate highly crystalline and large-area perovskite periodic nanostructures for low-cost production of high-performance optoelectronic devices. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim|
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