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Ultra-low Fertility, Gender Equity and Policy Considerations

Authors Tu, Edward Jow Ching View this author's profile
Yan, Yuruo
Zhao, Jiaying
Issue Date 2017
Source Asian Education and Development Studies , v. 6, (2), 2017, p. 112-124
Summary Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to focus on the issue and the reasons why fertility patterns in many industrialized and post-industrialized societies decline so rapidly, primarily in newly industrialized countries, particularly in East Asia, and especially after the countries have adopted the capitalist and market economy as the preferred approach to improve the lives of their population. Design/methodology/approach: The authors discuss gender equality and the relationship between fertility and female labor force participation in industrialized and post-industrialized countries, in the context of role incompatibility, mainly for women and the level of the strength and rigidity of family- and gender-role norms/attitudes that affect the behaviors of men and women. Findings: The existing family-related policies and programs which have reduced the role conflict and incompatibility experienced by working mothers are reviewed and discussed under national orientations toward the resolution of work–family conflict since they could affect the relevance, acceptance, significance and effectiveness of policies being developed and approved to carry on under institutional context within a nation. Originality/value: Specific strategies and policies to reduce role incompatibility and childcare arrangements and their costs are discussed, especially for East Asian nations. © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.
ISSN 2046-3162
Language English
Format Article
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